Livorno Italy - A Gateway to
Cruisers Day in Florence

'Livorno Italy is important to learn about as it is the starting point for exploring Florence, Pisa, Lucca and other attractive destinations in Tuscany'

Why is the port of Livorno Italy important for cruisers?

As you’re checking the itinerary for your upcoming Mediterranean cruise you may come across the port of Livorno in Italy. Never heard of it? Don’t worry… the port of Livorno isn’t a typical touristy port, but more a gateway to Florence, Pisa and the rest of Tuscany.

As you’re taking a peek through your stateroom’s porthole, or standing on the open deck of your cruise ship as it slowly glides closer to its berth, you might be a bit disappointed… no sunflower fields or medieval hilltop towns of Tuscany anywhere in sight!

Livorno port pictureCruise ship docked, seen from the port of Livorno

No wonder, the port of Livorno, Italy is a multipurpose port in which all kinds of cargo are handled, from cars and forestry products to cruise ship passengers! As a matter of fact, over 3 million of them each year.

Livorno Florence shoreexcursions Viator

How far is Livorno Italy port from Florence?

As your ship finally docks right smack in between all those containers you might feel you are in the middle of nowhere. And you kind of are… that’s why it is so important to have planned your transportation to Florence Italy well ahead, preferably way before even setting foot on your ship.  

Livorno Italy, Florence port, is certainly not a day when you should leave planning your travel to Florence to the last moment when you get off the gangway - it is about 104km (64.6 miles) away from Florence. 

There are a few different options when it comes to getting from Livorno cruise port to Florence, Pisa, Lucca and other super-attractive destinations in Tuscany and I wrote about them in separate articles on:

If you are venturing to Livorno town on your own, or looking to find your way to the train station on your own, keep reading.

livorno port imageContainers in the port of Livorno

How to get to Livorno Italy town from the cruise dock?

If Livorno is one of the regular ports of call in your itinerary, not your ship’s homeport, your ship will dock far away from the cruise terminal buildings.

As you walk off the ship, all you will most likely see is:

  • a few tables set up by car rental companies
  • Private tour vans that take you to your private 

- Florence and Pisa shore excursions

- San Gimignano and Siena shore excursions

- Lucca shore excursions

- Cinque Terre shore excursions

  • Ship-organized bus transfer to Piazza Grande, the main square of Livorno
  • ship organized shore excursion buses
  • and possibly a few taxis looking to take you for all day private tours (with a driver, not a professional tour guide)

For the pros and cons of each one of those ways of getting to Florence, read more in our article on Getting to Florence. Or see direct links to the best options below:

The cruise ship port of Livorno in Italy is about 2 miles away from the center of Livorno town. But that's just from the port entrance to the center.

Depending where your ship actually docks within it, you can easily add a few more kilometers.

If you’re asking yourself, “Is it possible to walk from the cruise ship dock to the center of Livorno or to the train station?” the answer is- no!  

And that’s if your ship docks at the new industrial wharfs. And it’s a 99,9% probability it does.

That’s for two reasons:

  • 1st - walking around the cargo port of Livorno, where you will be, is strictly forbidden due to the dangers of the port traffic (trucks, forklifts etc.)
  • 2nd - even if you were allowed to walk, it would take you about an hour and a half just to get to the train station. On this super-short day, you don’t have the time.

Only some very, very small ships (read: yachts) may be able to dock at the old Medici port of Livorno (Porto Mediceo), which is within easy walking distance from the centre of Livorno.

Position: NW part of Tuscany, on the shores of the Tyrhennian sea
Residents: 160,000
Distance from the city center: 2 miles (3.2 km)
Closest airport: Galileo Galilei, International airport of Pisa, 8 miles (13 km)
Distance to Florence: 50 miles (80 km)
Railway station (Livorno Centrale): 15 mins. in a taxi

If you haven’t already done so, make sure you read our article Getting to Florence to help you make decisions on how to get to Florence on this day. 

Short history of Livorno Italy – The port of Florence

During Roman times, there was a small port here, called Liburna.

Throughout the Middle Ages, the place was under the domination of Pisa.

In 1421, under the reign of Genoa, the port was sold to Florence. From this time, it was ruled by the Medici family who worked on expanding Florence and also needed a port to support it.

livorno canals photo

From then on, during more than 3 Centuries of Medicean rule, they turned this little port into one of the most important ports of the Mediterranean.

In the 16th Ct. the town was given the title of city and was big enough to house 20,000 people inside its walls, and had docks for up to 300 ships in port.

But that was just the beginning… in the 16th Ct, the city was presented with the “Constituzione Livornina”, a legal document which encouraged merchants from everywhere to settle here.

Thanks to the new laws, the port was now duty free, there was freedom of religion and amnesty for some penance. Armenians, Dutch, English, Greeks and Jews moved to Livorno to live and trade here and the city quickly became a real little cosmopolitan center.

In the 17th Ct a new quarter was built in Livorno, called Venezia Nuova and it was comprised of 23 islands, interlaced with canals and connected with bridges. The area was built to house the mercantile class and store goods. Namely, the canals made it easy to connect the port with the store houses. Although damaged in WW II, this part of town is one of the rare authentic areas.

In the 18th Ct, with the end of the Medici family, Livorno was under the rule of the House of the Habsburgs.

In the 19th Ct, the city of Livorno in Italy witnessed its second golden age. Everything was flourishing… economy, literature, arts, architecture and publishing. It even became one of the local vacation centres, although it looks nothing like a resort town today!

Livorno became part of what we call Italy today in 1860 (Italy as such didn’t exist before that year).

At the beginning of the 20 Ct. the port of Livorno began its decline and as mentioned above, suffered great damages in WW II.

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